Full Bibliography of Works on Thomas A. Edison

Click here for a bibliography of published works by Edison, 1862–1898.

The following works constitute a detailed bibliography of works related to Thomas Edison, his inventions, and his business enterprises.  It also contains scholarly works that either use Edison in their analysis or draw on materials in the Edison Papers.

Frank L. Dyer and Thomas C. Martin, with William H. Meadowcroft, Edison: His Life and Inventions (New York: Harper & Bros., 1910 [rev. ed. 1929]) is the official biography. Volumes 1 and 2 (1910): HathiTrust; Volume 1 (1910): Google Books, Internet Archive; Volume 2 (1910): Google Books, Internet Archive; Volume 1 (1929): Internet Archive

Matthew Josephson, Edison: A Biography (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1959; reprint New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1992) is an important older biography.

Paul Israel, Edison: A Life of Invention (New York: John Wiley, 1998) has become the standard biography.

Randall Stross, The Wizard of Menlo Park: How Thomas Alva Edison Invented the Modern World (New York: Crown Publishers, 2007) is the most recent biography.

Theresa M. Collins and LisaGitelman, Thomas Edison and Modern America: A Brief History with Documents (New York: Beford/St. Martin's, 2002) is an excellent collection of documents with a brief biography of the inventor.

Other significant recent biographies are

Neil Baldwin, Edison: Inventing the Century (New York: Hyperion, 1995).

Martin V. Melosi, Thomas A. Edison and the Modernization of America (Glenview, Ill.: Scott, Foresman/Little, Brown Higher Education, 1990).

Robert Conot, A Streak of Luck (New York: Seaview Press, 1979).

Ronald Clark, Edison: The Man Who Made the Future (New York: Putnam, 1977). 

Byron Vanderbilt, Thomas Edison, Chemist (Washington, D.C.: American Chemical Society, 1971).

Older Biographies available online
James Baird McClure, Edison and His Invention(Chicago: Rhodes & McClure, 1879) HathiTrust, Google Books, Internet Archive

James Baird McClure, Edison and His Inventions (Chicago: Rhodes & McClure, 1889) HathiTrust, Google Books, Internet Archive

James Baird McClure, Edison and His Inventions (Chicago: Rhodes & McClure, 1890) Internet Archive

William Kennedy-Laurie Dickson and Antonia Dickson, The Life and Inventions of Thomas Alva Edison (New York: Thomas Y. Crowell & Co., 1894). HathiTrust, Google Books,

Francis Arthur Jone, Thomas Alva Edison: Sixty Years of an Inventor's Life (New York: Thomas Y. Crowell & Co., 1907 and 1908). HathiTrust, Google Books, Internet Archive

Francis Rolt-Wheeler, Thomas Alva Edison (New York: MacMillan Co., 1915).HathiTrust, Google Books, Internet Archive

Nellie Canfield McFee, The Story of Thomas A. Edison for Young Readers (New York: Barse & Hopkins, 1922). HathiTrust, Google Books,

Caroline Farrand Ballentine, "The True Story of Edison's Childhood and Boyhood,"Michigan Magazine of History 4 (1920): 168-92.

Children's Books on Edison:
William Henry Meadowcroft, The Boy's Life of Edison (New York: Harpers & Brothers, 1911) is the official children's biography.
HathiTrust, Google Books, Internet Archive.

The following chuildren's books draw on the Edison Papers:

Kay Barnham, Thomas Edison (Heinemann-Raintree, 2014).

Katherine Krieg, Thomas Edison: World-changing Inventor (Core Library, 2014).

Gene Barretta, Timeless Thomas: How Thomas Edison Changed Our Lives (MacMillan, 2012).

Barbara Mitchell, The Wizard of Sound: A Story about Thomas Edison (Millbrook Press, 2012).

David Colbert, Thomas Edison (Simon and Schuster, 2009).

Thomas Edison: Life of an Electrifying Man (Filiquarian Publishing, LLC., 2008).

Michael Burgan, Thomas Alva Edison: Great American Inventor (Compass Point Books, 2007).

Amy Graham, Thomas Edison: Wizard of Light and Sound. Enslow Publishers, Inc., 2007.

Caryn Jenner, DK Readers: Thomas Edison: The Great Inventor (Penguin, 2007).

Lori Mortensen, Thomas Edison: Inventor, Scientist, and Genius (Capstone, 2007)

Charles E. Pederson, Thomas Edison (ABDO, 2007).

Monica L. Rausch, Thomas Edison and the Lightbulb (Gareth Stevens, 2007).

Susan Steffensen Romaine, Readers and Leaders (Libraries Unlimited, 2007).

Martin Woodside, Thomas Edison: The Man Who Lit Up the World (Sterling Publishing Company, 2007).

Carlson, Laurie. Thomas Edison for kids: His life and ideas, 21 activities. Chicago Review Press, 2006

Rausch, Monica L. Thomas Edison and the Lightbulb. Gareth Stevens, 2007.

Laurie Carlson, Thomas Edison For Kids: His Life and Ideas : 21 Activities (Chicago Review Press, 2006).

Linda Tagliaferro, Thomas Edison: Inventor of the Age of Electricity (Twenty-First Century Books, 2003).

Gene Adair, Thomas Alva Edison: Inventing the Electric Age (New York: Oxford University Press, 1996).

Edison Quotations

Michele Wehrwein Albion, The Quotable Edison University Press of Florida, 2011).

Edison in Photographs
Leonard DeGraaf, Historic Photos of Thomas Edison (Nashville: Turner Publishing Co., 2008).

Edward Wirth, Thomas Edison in West Orange (Charleston: Arcadia Publishing, 2008).

Marfe Ferguson Delano, Inventing the Future: A Photobiography of Thomas Alva Edison (National Geographic Books, 2006).

Irvin D. Solomon, Thomas Edison: The Fort Myers Connection
(Arcadia Publishing, 2001).

Lawrence A. Frost, The Thomas A. Edison Album: A Pictorial Biography
of Thomas Alva Edison
(Seattle: Superior Publishing Co, 1969).

Edison in Fort Myers
Michele Wehrwein Albion, The Florida Life of Thomas Edison (Gainesville: Univ. Press of Florida, 2008).

Tom Smoot, The Edison's of Fort Myers: Discoveries of the Heart (Sarasota, Fl.: Pineapple Press, 2004).

Irvin D. Solomon, Thomas Edison: The Fort Myers Connection (Arcadia Publishing, 2001)

Olav Thulesius, Edison in Florida: The Green Laboratory (Gainesville: Univ. Press of Florida, 1997).

James D. Newton, Uncommon Friends: Life with Thomas Edison, Henry Ford, Harvey Firestone, Alexis Carrel & Charles Lindbergh (San Diego: Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich, 1987).

Edison Family:
John D. Venable, Out of the Shadow: The Story of Charles Edison (East Orange, N.J.: Charles Edison Fund, 1978).

Ellwood Hendrick, Lewis Miller: A Biographical Essay (New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1925).

Paul Israel, "An Inventor's Wife, Mina Edison," Timeline 18 (May–June 2001): 2–19.

Edison Myth and Reputation Books
Alan Derickson, Dangerously Sleepy: Overworked Americans and the Cult of Manly Wakefulness (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2013).

Jill Jonnes, Eiffel's Tower: And the World's Fair Where Buffalo Bill Beguiled Paris, the Artists Quarreled, and Thomas Edison Became a Count (New York, N.Y.: Viking, 2009).

Sonneborn, Liz. The Electric Light: Thomas Edison's Illuminating Invention (Infobase Publishing, 2007).

Linda Simon, Dark Light: Electricity and Anxiety from the Telegraph to the X-ray (Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2005).

Fred Nadis, Wonder Shows: Performing Science, Magic, and Religion in America (Rutgers University Press, 2005).

Warren Sloat, 1929: America Before the Crash (Rowman & Littlefield, 2004).

Larry Tye, The Father of Spin: Edward L. Bernays and the Birth of Public Relations (Macmillan, 2002).

David Nye, The Invented Self: An Antibiography, from documents of Thomas A. Edison (Odense University Press, 1983).

Wyn Wachhorst, Thomas Alva Edison: An American Myth (Cambridge: M.I.T. Press, 1981).

Edison Myth and Reputation Articles and Dissertations
Castravelli, Lianne C., “Building Beyond Limits : Fantastic Collisions Between Bodies and Machines in French and English Fin-de-Siècle Literature,” PhD dissertation, University of Montreal, 2013.

Steven Mollmann, "The War of the Worlds in the Boston Post and the Rise of American Imperialism: 'Let Mars Fire,'" English Literature in Transition, 1880-1920 53 (2010): 387-412.

Patrick Young, "From the Eiffel Tower to the Javanese Dancer: Envisioning Cultural Globalization at the 1889 Paris Exhibition," The History Teacher (2008): 339-362.

William Pretzer, "Edison's Last Breath," Technology and Culture 45 (2004): 679-682.

Robert Friedel, “Serendipity Is No Accident,” Kenyon Review 23 (2001): 36–47.

Sugiyama Shigeo, "Biographies of Scientists and Public Understanding of Science," AI & Society 13 (1999): 124-134.

Martin T.Willis, "Edison as Time Traveler: H.G. Wells's Inspiration for his First Scientific Character," Science Fiction Studies 26 (1999): 284-294.

Robert Friedel,"Perspiration in Perspective: Changing Perceptions of Genius and Expertise in American Invention," in Robert J. Weber and David N. Perkins, ed., Inventive Minds: Creativity in Technology (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992): 11–26.

Thomas Parke Hughes, "Edison's Method" in William B. Pickett, ed., Technology at the Turning Point (San Francisco: San Francisco Press, 1977): 5–22.

Research Approaches and Laboratories
Research Approaches
Ian Willis, "Edison, Innovation and Failure" (University of Sydney dissertation, 2010).Thomas Bender, The Unfinished City: New York and the Metropolitan Idea (NYU Press, 2007).

Ian Wills, "Edison and Science: A Curious Result," Studies In History and Philosophy of Science Part A 40 (2009): 157-166; Ian Wills, Edison, Science and Artefacts, HPS1: Integrated History and Philosophy of Science 1 (2007).

Robert W. Weisberg, Creativity: Understanding Innovation in Problem Solving, Science, Invention, and the Arts John Wiley and Sons, 2006).

Joseph F.Buonanno, "Thomas A. Edison: Wizard of Menlo Park, or Ordinary Thinker? A Case Study in the Psychology of Creativity" (Temple University dissertation, 2005).

Ronald Kline and Thomas C. Lassman, "Competing Research Traditions in American Industry: Uncertain Alliances between Engineering and Science at Westinghouse Electric, 1886-1935," Enterprise and Society 6 (2005): 601-645.

Thomas Parke Hughes, American Genesis: A Century of Invention and Technological Enthusiasm (Chicago: University Of Chicago Press, 2004).

John M. Ziman, Technological Innovation as an Evolutionary Process (Cambridge University Press, 2003).

Barak Y. Orbach, "The Law and Economics of Creativity in the Workplace," NELLCO Legal Scholarship Repository (2002).

G. Mayer, "Edison Revisited: Electro Mechanical effects in Wet Porous Materials," The European Physical Journal B 1 (1998):305-11.

Leonard S. Reich, "Edison, Coolidge, and Langmuir: Evolving Approaches to American Industrial Research," Journal of Economic History 47 (1987):341-351.

Leonard S. Reich, The Making of American Industrial Research: Science and Business at GE and Bell, 1876-1926 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985).

David A. Hounshell, "Edison and the Pure Science Ideal in 19th-Century America," Science 207 (1980): 612–17.

Menlo Park Laboratory
Michael J. Gall, Richard Veit and Allison Savarese, “Keeping Edison's Secrets: Archaeological Documentation of Thomas A. Edison's Menlo Park Patent Vault,” Historical Archaeology
41 (2007): 20-31

William S. Pretzer, ed., Working at Inventing: Thomas Edison and the Menlo Park Experience (Dearborn, Mich.: Henry Ford Museum & Greenfield Village, 1989; Baltimore: reprint edition, Johns Hopkins University Press, 2002).

Paul Israel, "Inventing Industrial Research: Thomas Edison and the Menlo Park Laboratory," Endeavor 26 (2002): 48–54.

Portia Dadley, "The Garden of Edison: Invention and the American Imagination," in Francis Spufford and Jenny Uglow, eds., Cultural Babbage: Technology, Time and Invention (London: Faber & Faber, 1996): 81–98.

Francis Jehl, Menlo Park Reminsences 3 vols. (Dearborn, Mich.: Edison Institute, 1937–1941).

West Orange Laboratory
Thomas E. Jeffrey, "'When the Cat is Away the Mice Will Work': Thomas Alva Edison and the Insomnia Squad," New Jersey History 125(2010):2 1.

Andre Millard, Duncan Hay, and Mary Grassick, Historic Furnishings Report Edison Laboratory (National Park Service, 1995)

W. Bernard Carlson, "Building Thomas Edison's Laboratory at West Orange, New Jersey: A Case Study in Using Craft Knowledge for Technological Invention, 1886–1888," History of Technology 13 (1991): 150–67.

Andre J. Millard, Edison and the Business of Innovation (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 1990). Volume 1, Volume 2

Cement House
H. Ward Jandl, et al., Yesterday's Houses of Tomorrow: Innovative American Homes 1850–1950 (Washington D.C.: Preservation Press, 1991), chap. 4.

Michael Peterson, "Thomas Edison's Concrete House," American Heritage of Invention & Technology 11 (Winter 1996): 50–56.

Electric Light and Power (books)
Ernest Freeberg, The Age of Edison: Electric Light and the Invention of Modern America (Penguin Press, 2013).

Robert Friedel and Paul Israel, with Bernard S. Finn, Edison's Electric Light: The Art of Invention (Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2010).

Bruce J. Hunt, Pursuing Power and Light: Technology and Physics from James Watt to Albert Einstein (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2010).

Maury Klein, The Power Makers: Steam, Electricity, and the Men Who Invented Modern America (Bloomsbury Publishing,  2010).

William J. Hausman, Peter Hertner, and Mira Wilkins, Global Electrification: Multinational Enterprise and International Finance in the History of Light and Power, 1878-2007 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008).

Graeme Gooday, Domesticating Electricity: Technology, Uncertainty and Gender, 1880–1914 (London: Pickering & Chatto, 2008).

Chris Otter, The Victorian Eye: A Political History of Light and Vision in Britain, 1800–1910 (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008).

David P. Billington, Power, Speed, and Form: Engineers and the Making of the Twentieth Century (Princeton University Press, 2006).

Richard Munson, From Edison to Enron: the Business of Power and What it Means for the Future of Electricity (Northeast-Midwest Institute, 2005).

Mark Essig, Edison and the Electric Chair: A Story of Light and Death New York: Walker & Co., 2003).

Jill Jonnes, Empires of Light: Edison, Tesla, Westinghouse, and the Rage to Electrify the World (New York: Random House, 2003).

Richard Moran, Executioner's Current: Thomas Edison, George Westinghouse, and the Invention of the Electric Chair (New York: Knopf, 2002).

Stuart Banner, The Death Penalty: An American History (Harvard University Press, 2002).

Alasdair G. M. Nairn, Engines That Move Markets: Technology Investing from Railroads to the Internet and Beyond (John Wiley and Sons, 2002).

Charles Bazerman, The Languages of Edison's Light (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1999).

Mark Granovetter and  Patrick McGuire, ”The Making of an Industry: Electricity in the United States,” The Sociological Review 46 (1998): 147–173.

Wolfgang Schivelbusch, Disenchanted Night: The Industrialization of Light in the Nineteenth Century (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995).

David E. Nye, Electrifying America: Social Meanings of a New Technology (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1991).

Harold L. Platt, The Electric City: Energy and the Growth of the Chicago Area, 1880–1930 (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1991).

Robert Friedel and Paul Israel, with Bernard S. Finn, Edison's Electric Light: Biography of an Invention (New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers Univ. Press, 1986).

Thomas Parke Hughes, Networks of Power: Electrification in Western Society, 1880–1930 (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1983).

Robert Silverberg, Light for the World: Edison and the Power Industry (New York: D. Van Nostrand Co., 1967).

Harold C Passer, The Electrical Manufacturers, 1875-1900: A Study in Competition, Entrepreneurship, Technical Change, and Economic Growth (Cambridge, Harvard University Press, 1953).

Arthur Aaron Bright, The Electric-lamp Industry: Technological Change and Economic Development from 1800 to 1947 (New York, Macmillan Co., 1949).

Electric Light and Power (papers, articles, chapters, and dissertations)
Louis Carlat and Daniel Weeks, "'New and Untried Hands': Thomas Edison's Electrification of Pennsylvania Towns, 1883-85," The Pennyslvania Magazine of History and Biography 139:3 (2015): 293-321.

Green, Mitchell, “Electrification in the Pacific Northwest and Problem of Embeddedness,” Munich Personal RePEc Archive Paper MPRA 59874 (2014).

David Pretel and Nadia Fernández de Pinedo, "Technology Transfer and Expert Migration in Nineteenth-Century Cuba," EUI Working Papers, Max Weber Programme, 2013.

Ron D. Katznelson and John Howells, "Inventing-around Edison's Incandescent Lamp Patent: Evidence of Patents' Role in Stimulating Downstream Development" (working paper), 2012.

Lieberman, Jennifer L., “Power lines: Electric Networks and the American Literary Imagination,” PhD Dissertation, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2011.

Lea B. Shaver, "Illuminating Innovation" (forthcoming Washington and Lee Law Review). Stathis Arapostathis, "Dynamos, Tests, and Consulting in the Career of John Hopkinson in the 1880s. Annales historiques de l'électricité 5 (2007): 9–32.

S. Saul, “Recent trends in French historiography on electricity,” IEEE Conference on the History of Electric Power (2007 ): 234 – 243.

Moon-Hyon Nam, "Early History of Korean Electric Light and Power Development," Electric Power, 2007 IEEE Conference on the History of IEEE (2007):192–200.

Eve Duffy, "Oska von Miller and the Art of the Electrical Exhibition: Staging Modernity in Weimar Germany," German History 25:4 (2007): 517-38.

Efstathios Arapostathis, "Consulting Engineers in the British Electric Light and Power Industry, c. 1880-1914" (University of Oxford dissertation, 2006).

Donald S. McPartland, "Almost Edison: How William Sawyer and Others Lost the Race to Electrification," Phd. disseration, City University of New York, 2006.

Shelley Wood Codulack, " A Franco-American Battle of Beams: Electricity and the Selling of Modernity," Journal of Design History 18:2 (2005): 147-66.

W. Bernard Carlson, "Alternating Current Comes to America: Edison, Thomson, and Tesla" in Proceedings of the International Symposium on Galileo Ferraris and the Conversion of Energy: Developments of Electrical Engineering over a Century (Turin: Istituto Elettrotecnico Nazionale Galileo Ferraris, 2000), 143-78.

Mary Ann Hellrigel, "The Quest to Be Modern: The Adoption of Electric Light, Heat, and Power Technology in Small-Town America, 1883-1929" (Case Western Reserve University dissertation, 1997).

Robert Fox, "Thomas Edison's Parisian Campaign: Incandescent Lighting and the Hidden Face of Technology Transfer," Annals of Science 53 (1996): 157–93.

Walter G. Vincenti, "The Technical Shaping of Technology: Real-World Constraints and Technical Logic in Edison's Electrical Lighting System," Social Studies of Science 25 (Aug. 1995): 553–74.

Joseph Sullivan, "Fearing Electricity: Overhead Wire Panic in New York City," IEEE Technology and Society Magazine (Fall 1995): 8-16.

W. Bernard Carlson, "Competition and Consolidation in the Electrical Manufacturing Industry" in William Aspray, ed., Technological Competitiveness: Contemporary and Historical Perspectives on the Electrical, Electronics, and Computer Industries (New York: IEEE Press, 1993): 287–311.

Schatzberg, Eric. "The Mechanization of Urban Transit in the United States." Technological Competitiveness: Contemporary and Historical Perspectives on the Electrical, Electronics, and Computer Industries (1993): 225-42.

Paul A. David, "Heroes, Herds, and Hysteresis in Technological History: Thomas Edison and 'The Battle of the Systems' Reconsidered," Industrial and Corporate Change (1992): 129–80.

Andre Millard, "Thomas Edison, the Battle of the Systems and the Persistence of Direct Current," Material History Bulletin 36 (Fall 1992): 18–28.

Brian Bowers, "Edison and Early Electrical Engineering in Britain," History of Technology 13 (1991): 168–80.

Paul A. David, "The Hero and the Herd in Technological History: Reflections on Thomas Edison and the Battle of the Systems," in Patrice Higgonet et al., eds., Technology, Growth, and Economic Development since the Industrial Revolution (Cambridge: Harvard Univ. Press, 1991): 72–119.

Brian Bowers, "Edison and Hopkinson: Transatlantic Relations in Electrical Engineering in the Early 1880s" in Monique Trédé, ed., Électricité et Électrification dans le Monde (Paris: Presses Univ. de France, 1990).

Robert Rosenberg, "Academic Physics and the Origins of Electrical Engineering in America" (Johns Hopkins University dissertation, 1990).

Terry Reynolds and Theodore Bernstein, "Edison and the 'Chair,'" IEEE Technology and Society Magazine 8 (1989): 19–28.

W. Bernard Carlson and A. J. Millard, "Defining Risk within a Business Context: Thomas A. Edison, Elihu Thomson, and the A.C.–D.C. Controversy, 1885–1900" in B. B. Johnson and V. T. Covello, eds., The Social and Cultural Construction of Risk (Boston: Reidel Publishing Co., 1987): 275–93.

Leonard Reich, "Edison, Coolidge, and Langmuir: Evolving Approaches to American Industrial Research," Journal of Economic History 47 (June 1987): 341–51.

Charles D. Wrege and Ronald G. Greenwood, "William E. Sawyer and the Rise and Fall of America's First Incandescent Electric Light Company, 1878-1881," Business and Economic History, 2nd Series, 13 (1984): 31-484.

Thomas Parke Hughes, "The Electrification of America: The System Builders," Technology and Culture 20 (1979): 124–61.

Terry Reynolds and Theodore Bernstein, "The Damnable Alternating Current," Proceedings of the IEEE 64 (1976): 1339–43.

James E. Brittain, "The International Diffusion of Electrical Power Technology, 1870-1920," The Journal of Economic History 34 (1974): 108-21.

Thomas Parke Hughes, "Harold P. Brown and the Executioner's Current: An Incident in the AC-DC Controversy," Business History Review 32 (1958): 143–65.

Electric Pen
Jill E. Cooper, "Intermediaries and Invention: Business Agents and the Edison Electric Pen and Duplicating Press," Business and Economic History 25 (1996): 130–42.

Media Studies, Literary Criticism, and Cultural Analysis
Alan Galey, The Shakespearean Archive: Experiments in New Media from the Renaissance to Postmodernity (Cambridge University Press, 2014).

Charles Musser, Conversions and Convergences: Sarah Bernhardt in the Era of Technological Reproducibility, 1910-1913," Film History 25:1-2 (2013): 154-74.

Charles Bazerman, "The Orders of Documents, the Orders of Activity, and the Orders of Information," Archival Science 12 (2012): 377–388.

Martin Cenkl, “Noise, destruction , visual bug in the video and short film forms,” Thesis Univerzita Tomase Bati ve Kline, 2011.

Henry Keazor and Thorsten Wübbena, "Music Video," in Daniels, Dieter, Sandra Naumann, and Jan Thoben, ed., See This Sound: Audiovisuology Compendium : an Interdisciplinary Survey of Audiovisual Culture (Köln, Germany: Verlag der Buchhandlung Walter König, 2010).

Peter Decherney, “Gag Orders: Comedy, Chaplin, and Copyright,” draft for essay in Paul K. Saint-Amour, ed., Modernism and Copyright (Oxford University Press, 2010).

Lisa Gitelman and Theresa M. Collins, “Medium Light: Revisiting Edisonian Modernity,” Critical Quarterly 51 (2009): 1–14.

Gitelman, Lisa. "Always already new." Media, history and the data of culture (2008).

T. Ross Leasure, "Yesterday’s Eve and Her Electric Avatar: Villiers’s Debt to Milton’s Paradise Lost," LATCH: A Journal for the Study of the Literary Artifact in Theory, Culture, or History 1 (2008): 129-44.

Charles Bazerman, “Theories of the Middle Range in Historical Studies of Writing Practice,” Written Communication 25 (2008): 298-318.

Charles Bazerman, "Singular Utterances: Realizing Local Activities through Typified Forms in Typified Circumstances" in Anna Trosborg, ed., Analysing Professional Genres (John Benjamins Publishing, 2000), pp. 25-40.

Charles Bazerman, "Letters and the social grounding of differentiated genres." Letter writing as a social practice 24 (2000): 15-29.

Charles Bazerman, “Electrical Connections: Letters to Thomas Edison in Response to His Claim of Solving Incandescent Lighting, 1878,” Journal of Business and Technical Communication 9 (1994): 135-147.

Sloane, David EE. "Twain and Edison: The Intellectual Heritage as Monument by David EE Sloane." Essays in Arts and Sciences 23 (1994): 89.

Motion Pictures (books)
Peter Decherney, Hollywood's Copyright Wars: From Edison to the Internet (Columbia University Press, 2012).

André Gaudreault, Nicolas Dulac, Santiago Hidalgo, editors, A Companion to Early Cinema (John Wiley & Sons, 2012).

Brian Yecies and Ae-Gyung Shim, Korea's Occupied Cinemas, 1893-1948: The Untold History of the Film Industry (Routledge 2012).

Kristen Whissel, Picturing American Modernity Traffic, Technology, and the Silent Cinema (Durham: Duke University Press, 2008).

Dan Streible, Fight Pictures: A History of Boxing and Early Cinema (University of California Press, 2008).

Jonathan Auerbach, Body Shots: Early Cinema's Incarnations (University of California Press, 2007).

Robert Eberwein, Armed forces: masculinity and sexuality in the American war film (Rutgers University Press, 2007).

Nancy Mowll Mathews and Charles Musser, Moving Pictures: American Art and Early Film, 1880 - 1910 (Manchester, Vt: Hudson Hills Press, 2005).

Rick Altman, Silent Film Sound (New York: Columbia University Press, 2004).

Charlie Keil and Sheey Stamp, ed., American Cinema's Transitional Era: Audiences, Institutions, Practices (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2004).

Lee Grieveson and Peter Kramer, The Silent Cinema Reader (Psychology Press, 2004).

Simon Popple and Joe Kember, Early Cinema: from Factory Gate to Dream Factory (Wallflower Press, 2004).

Charie Keil, Early American Cinema in Transition: Story, Stye, and Filmmaking, 1907–1913 (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2001).

John Fullerton and Astrid Söderbergh-Widding, ed., Moving Images: From Edison to the Webcam (Indiana University Press, 2000).

Richard Abel, The Red Rooster Scare: Making Cinema American, 1900–1910 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999).

David Nasaw, Going Out: the Rise and Fall of Public Amusements (Harvard University Press, 1999).

Charles Musser, Edison Motion Pictures, 1890–1900: An Annotated Filmography (Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1997).

Ray Phillips, Edison’s Kinetoscope and its Films: A History to 1896 (Flicks Books,UK, 1997).

David Robinson, From Peep Show to Palace: The Birth of American Film (New York: Columbia University Press, 1996).

Richard Abel, Silent Film (Continuum International Publishing Group, 1996).

Charles Musser, Thomas A. Edison and His Kinetographic Motion Pictures (New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers Univ. Press for the Friends of Edison National Historic Site, 1995).

Charles Musser, Before the Nickelodeon: Edwin S. Porter and the Edison Manufacturing Company (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1991).

Charles Musser, The Emergence of Cinema: The American Screen to 1907 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1990).

Kevin Brownlow, Behind the Mask of Innocence: Sex, Violence, Prejudice, Crime: Films of Social Conscience in the Silent Era (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1990).

Eileen Bowser, The Transformation of Cinema, 1907-1915 (New York: Scribner, 1990).

John Izod, Hoywood and the Box Office, 1895–1986 (New York: Columbia University Press, 1988).

Tino Balio, The American Film Industry (Madison, Wis: University of Wisconsin Press, 1985).

Gordon Hendricks, The Edison Motion Picture Myth (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1961).

W. K. L. Dickson and Antonia Dickson. History of the Kinetograph, Kinetoscope and Kinetophonograph (New York: Museum of Modern Art, 2001 [1895]).

Motion Pictures (articles and chapters)
Richard Brown, "A New Look at Old History–the Kinetoscope: Fraud and Market Development in Britain in 1895," Early Popular Visual Culture 10:4 (2012): 407-39.

Shelley Fisher Fishkin, "'None but the Dead Are Permitted to Tell the Truth': Mark Twain's Missives to the Future," in  José Liste-Noya, Eduardo Barros-Grela, ed., American Secrets: The Politics and Poetics of Secrecy in the Literature and Culture of the United States (Fairleigh Dickinson, 2011), pp. 17-36.

Patrick Feaster and Jacob Smith, "Reconfiguring the History of Early Cinema Through the Phonograph, 1877-1908, Film History 21 (2009) 311-325.

Alexandra Gil, "Breaking the Studios: Antitrust and the Motion Picture Industry," N.Y.U. Journal of Law & Liberty 3:38 (2008): 83-123.

Peter Decherney, “Copyright Dupes: Piracy and New Media in Edison v. Lubin (1903),” Film History 19 (2007): 109-124.

Nick Deocampo, "Cinema and Colonization: American Colonization and the Rise of Cinema in the Philippines," Comparative American Studies 5 (2007): 147-171.

Charles Musser, "At the Beginning: Motion Picture Production, Representation and Ideology at the Edison and Lumiere Companies" and "Moving Towards Fictional Narratives: Story Films Become the Dominant Product, 1903–1904" both in Lee Grieveson and Peter Krämer, The Silent Film Cinema Reader (London and New York: Routledge, 2004).

Taso G. Lagos, "Film Exhibition in Seattle, 1897-1912: Leisure Activity in a Scraggly, Smelly Frontier Town," Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television 23:2 (2003): 101-15.

Barbara Wilinsky, "Flirting with Kathlyn: Creating the Mass Audience" in Desser, David, and Garth Jowett, eds. Hollywood goes shopping (University of Minnesota Press, 2000).

Jonathan Auerbach, "McKinley at Home: How Early American Cinema Made News," American Quarterly 51 (1999): 797-832.

Charles Musser, "Discourse and Nationalism: the Lumière Cinematographe in the United States, 1895-1897." L'aventure du cinématographe (1999): 131.

Jean-Pierre Srois-Trahan, Franck Le Gac and Wendy Shubring, "The Reception of 'Talking Pictures' in the Context of Quebec Exhibition (1894-1915)," Film History 11:4 (1999): 433-443.

Charles Musser, "Pre-Classical American Cinema: Its Changing Modes of Film Production" in Richard Abel, Silent Film (New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1996).

Rick Altman, "The Silence of the Silents," The Musical Quarterly 80 (1996): 648-718.

Richard Abel, "" Pathé Goes to Town": French Films Create a Market for the Nickelodeon," Cinema Journal (1995): 3-26.

W. Bernard Carlson, "Artifacts and Frames of Meaning: Thomas A. Edison, His Managers, and the Cultural Construction of Motion Pictures," in Wiebe E. Bijker and John Law, eds., Shaping Technology/Building Society: Studies in Sociotechnical Change (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1992): 175–98.

W. Bernard Carlson and Michael E. Gorman, "Understanding Invention as a Cognitive Process: The Case of Thomas Edison and Early Motion Pictures, 1888–91," Social Studies of Science 20 (1990): 387–430.

Gregory A. Waller, "Introducing the 'Marvellous Invention' to the Provinces: Film Exhibition in Lexington, Kentucky, 1896-97," Film History 3:3 (1989): 223-34.

Beth Singer, "Early Home Cinema and the Edison Home Projecting Kinetoscope," Film History 2 (Winter 1988): 37–69.

Nancy J. Rosenbloom, "Between Reform and Regulation: The Struggle over Film Censorship in Progressive America, 1909-1922," Film History 1:4 (1987):. 307-325.

Robert Anderson, "The motion picture patents company: a reevaluation." The American Film Industry (1985): 133-152.

Janet Staiger, "Combination and litigation: Structures of US film distribution, 1896-1917." Cinema Journal (1984): 41-72.

Robert Jack Anderson, "The Motion Picture Patents Company," Phd Dissertation, University of Wisconsin--Madison, 1983.

W. K. L. Dickson, "A Brief History of the Kinetograph, the Kinetoscope, and the Kineto-Phonograph" and Harold G. Bowen, "Thomas Alva Edison's Early Motion-Picture Experiments" both in Raymond Fielding, ed., A Technological History of Motion Pictures and Television; An Anthology from the Pages of the Journal of the Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1979).

Martin S. Pernick, "Thomas Edison's Tuberculosis Films: Mass Media and Health Propaganda," The Hastings Center Report 8 (1978): 21-27.

Rosalind Rogoff, "Edison's Dream: A Brief History of the Kinetophone," Cinema Journal 15 (1976): 58-68.

Jeanne Thomas, "The Decay of the Motion Picture Patents Company."Cinema Journal (1971): 34-40.

Ore Milling
Rodney P. Johnson, Thomas Edison's "Ogden Baby": The New Jersey and Pennsylvania Concentrating Works (n.p.: Rodney P. Johnson, 2004).

Michael Peterson, "Thomas Edison, Failure," American Heritage of Invention & Technology 6 (Winter 1991): 8–14.

W. Bernard Carlson, "Edison in the Mountains: The Magnetic Ore Separation Venture, 1879–1900," History of Technology 8 (1983): 37–59.

Phonograph (books)
Eric Byron, Crank Up the Phonograph: Who We Are and Where We Came from in Early Sound Recordings (Eric Byron, 2015).

Peter Martland, Recording History: The British Record Industry, 1888-1931 (Rowman & Littlefield, 2012).

Greg Milner, Perfecting Sound Forever: An Aural History of Recorded Music ( Macmillan, 2009).

Gregory Radick, The Simian Tongue: The Long Debate about Animal Language (University of Chicago Press, 2007).

David Morton, Sound Recording: The Life Story of a Technology (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 2006).

David J. Steffen, From Edison to Marconi: The First Thirty Years of Recorded Music (Jefferson, N.C,, and London: McFarlad & Co., 2005).

Annegret Fauser, Musical Encounters at the 1889 Paris World's Fair (Boydell & Brewer, 2005).

Tim Brooks, Lost Sounds: Blacks and the Birth of the Recording Industry, 1890–1919 (Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 2004).

Mark Katz, Capturing Sound: How Technology Has Changed Music (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2004).

George A.Copeland and Ronald Dethlefson. Edison, Lambert Concert Records & Columbia Grand Records and related phonographs: or,"the 5-inch cylinder book" (Mulholland Press, 2004).

Jonathan Sterne, The Audible Past (Durham and London: Duke University Press, 2003).

Mark Coleman, Playback: From the Victrola to MP3, 100 Years of Music, Machines, and Money (Da Cappo Press, 2003).

John M. Picker, Victorian Soundscapes (Oxford University Press US, 2003).

René Rondeau. Tinfoil phonographs: the dawn of recorded sound. R. Rondeau, 2001.

Lisa Gitelman, Scripts, Grooves, and Writing Machines: Representing Technology in the Edison Era (Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1999).

David Nasaw, Going Out: the Rise and Fall of Public Amusements (Harvard University Press, 1999).

William Howland Kenney, Recorded Music in American Life: The Phonograph and Popular Memory, 1890–1945 (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 1997).

Ronald Dethlefson and Michael Buchak, Edison Blue Amberol Recordings 1912-1914: Companion Edition (Woodland Hills, CA, U.S.A.: Stationery X-Press, 1997).

Michael Chanan, Repeated Takes: A Short History of Recording and Its Effects on Music (London and New York: Verso, 1995).

Andre Millard, America On Record: A History of Recorded Sound (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995).

George L. Frow, Edison Cylinder Phonograph Companion (Woodland Hills, Calif.: Stationary X-Press, 1994).

Allen Koenigsberg, The Patent History of the Phonograph, 1877-1912: A Source Book (Brooklyn, N.Y.: APM Press, 1991).

John Harvith and Susan Edwards Harvith, eds. Edison, Musicians and the Phonograph: A Century in Retrospect (New York: Greenwood Press, 1987).

George L. Frow, The Edison Disc Phonographs and the Diamond Discs: A History with Illustrations (Sevenoaks, Kent, Great Britain: G.L. Frow, 1982).

Roland Gelatt, The Fabulous Phonograph 2nd rev. ed. (New York and London: MacMillan, 1977).

Oliver Read and Walter L. Welch, From Tin Foil to Stereo: The Evolution of the Phonograph (Indianapolis: Howard Sams & Co., 1976).

Allen Koenigsberg, Edison Cylinder Records, 1889-1912, With an Illustrated History of the Phonograph (New York: Stellar Productions, 1969).

Phonograph (articles, chapters, and dissertations)
Alexandra Hui, "Lost: Thomas Edison’s Mood Music Found: New Ways of Listening," Endeavor 38:2 (2014): 139-42.

Reuben de Lautour, "Histories of the Invisible: Music Technology Discourses in the Age of Phonography," PhD Dissertation, Princeton University, 2014.

Matthew Rubery, “Edison’s Poetry Machine,” 19: Interdisciplinary Studies in the Long Nineteenth Century 18 (2014).

Kevin Daniel Kelleher, "The Contributions of Thomas Alva Edison to Music Education," Phd. dissertation, Old Dominion University, 2013.

Matthew Rubery, “Canned Literature: The Book after Edison,” Book History 16 (2013): 215-245.

Patrick Feaster, “The Artifice of Nineteenth-Century Phonographic Business Dictation,” The Velvet Light Trap 72 (2013): 3-16.

Patrick Feaster, Phonographic Etiquette; or, “The Spirit First Moves Mister Knowles,” Victorian Review 38 (2012): 18-23.

Patrick Feaster, "Rise and Obey the Command": Performative Fidelity and the Exercise of Phonographic Power," Journal of Popular Music Studies 24 (2012): 357-95.

Lisa Gitelman, "The Phonograph's New Media Public's" in Jonathan Sterne, editor, The Sound Studies Reader (Routledge, 2012).

Jentery Sayers, “An Archaeology of Edison’s Metal Box,” Victorian Review 38 (Fall 2012): 39-41.

Xavier Vall, "The Phonograph in Barcelona (1877-1880): Technology and Ideological Controversies," Quaderns d'Història de l'Enginyeria 13 (2012): 255-86.

Patrick Feaster, "A Compass of Extraordinary Range": The Forgotten Origins of Phonomanipulation,” ARSC Journal 42.2 (2011): 163-203.

Richard Bauman, “Better than any monument”: Envisioning Museums of the Spoken Word,”
Museum Anthology Revew 15 (2011)

Patrick Feaster, "'The following record': Making sense of Phonographic Performance, 1877-1908" (Indiana University dissertation, 2007).

Nathan David Bowers, "Creating a Home Culture for the Phonograph: Women and the Rise of Sound Recordings in the United States, 1877-1913" (University of Pittsburgh dissertation, 2007).

Patrick Feaster, "Speech Acoustics and the Keyboard Telegraph: Rethinking Edison's Discovery of the Phonograph Principle," ARSC Journal 38 (Spring 2007) 10-43.

Richard Bauman and Patrick Feaster, "Fellow Townsmen and My Noble Constituents!": Representations of Oratory on Early Commercial Recordings,” Oral Tradition 20 (March 2005) 35-57.

Colin Symes, "From Tomorrow's Eve to High Fidelity: Novel Responses to the Gramophone in Twentieth Century Literature," Popular Music 24 (2005): 193-206.

Susan Schmidt Horning, "Engineering the Performance: Recording Engineers, Tacit Knowledge and the Art of Controlling Sound," Social Studies of Science 34:5(2004): 703–731.

Jason Camlot, "Early Talking Books Spoken Recordings and Recitation Anthologies, 1880-1920," Book History 6 (2003) 147-173.

Damon J. Phillips and David A. Owens, "Incumbents, Innovation, and Competence: The Emergence of Recorded Jazz, 1920 to 1929," Poetics 32 (2004) 281–295.

Susan Schmidt Horning, Chasing Sound: the Culture and Technology of Recording Studios in America, 1877-1977 (Case Western Reserve University disseratation, 2002).

Charles J. Limb and , Lawrence R .Lustig, “Hearing Loss and the Invention of the Phonograph: The Story of Thomas Alva Edison,” Otology & Neurotology 23 (January 2002): 96-101.

Jonathan Sterne, "A Machine to Hear for Them: On the Very Possibility of Sound's Reproduction," Cultural Studies 15 (2001): 259-294.

Edward Jay Pershey, "Drawing as a Means to Inventing: Edison and the Invention of the Phonograph" in William S. Pretzer, ed. Working at Inventing: Thomas Edison and the Menlo Park Experience (Dearborn, Mich.: Henry Ford Museum & Greenfield Village, 1989; Baltimore: reprint edition, Johns Hopkins University Press, 2002).

Calvin Elliker, "Early Imprints in the Thomas A. Edison Collection of American Sheet Music: Addenda to Sonneck-upton and to Wolfe," Notes 57.3 (2001) 555-573.

Alexander Magoun, "Shaping the Sound of Music: The Evolution of the Phonograph Record, 1877-1950, PhD dissertation, University of Maryland, 2000.

Mark Katz, "Making America More Musical through the Phonograph, 1900-1930," American Music 16:4 (1998): 448-476.

Paul Israel, "The Unknown History of the Tinfoil Phonograph," NARAS Journal 8 (Winter–Spring 1997–98): 29–42.

Leonard DeGraaf, "Thomas Edison and the Origins of the Entertainment Phonograph," NARAS Journal 8 (Winter–Spring 1997–98): 43–70.

George Tselos and Douglas Tarr, "The Napoleon of Invention," NARAS Journal 8 (Winter–Spring 1997–98): 13–27.

Lisa Gitelman, "Reading Music, Reading Records, Reading Race: Musical Copyright and the U.S. Copyright Act of 1909," The Musical Quarterly 81 (1997): 265-290.

Eleanor Selfridge-Field, "Experiments with Melody and Meter, or the Effects of Music: The Edison-Bingham Music Research," The Musical Quarterly 81 (Summer 1997): 291-310.

Emily Thompson, "Is It Real or Is It a Machine?" American Heritage of Invention & Technology 12 (Winter 1997): 50–56.

Emily Thompson, "Machines, Music, and the Quest for Fidelity: Marketing the Edison Phonograph in America, 1877–1925," Musical Quarterly 79 (Spring 1995): 131–71.

Marsha Siefert, "Aesthetics, Technology, and the Capitalization of Culture: How the Talking Machine Became a Musical Instrument," Science in Context 8 (Summer 1995): 417–49.

Leonard DeGraaf, "Confronting the Mass Market: Thomas Edison and the Entertainment Phonograph" Business and Economic History 24 (1995): 88–96.

Pekka Gronow, "The Record Industry Comes to the Orient," Source: Ethnomusicology, 25:2 (1981): 251-284.

Leslie J. Newville, "Development of the Phonograph at Alexander Graham Bell's Volta Laboratory," Contributions from the Museum of History and Technology, United States National Museum Bulletin 218, Paper 5, (1959): 69-79).

Phonograph Talking Doll
Gaby Wood, Edison's Eve: A Magical History of the Quest for Mechanical Life (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2002).

Telegraph and Telephone
David Hochfelder, The Telegraph in America, 1832–1920 (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2012).

Richard R. John, Network Nation: Inventing American Telecommunications (Harvard University Press, 2010).

Roy S. Freedman, Introduction to Financial Technology (Academic Press, 2006).

Paul Israel, From Machine Shop to Industrial Laboratory: Telegraphy and the Changing Context of American Invention, 1830–1920 (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1992).

Ian Willis, "Instrumentalizing Failure: Edison's Invention of the Carbon Microphone," Annals of Science 64 (2007): 383 - 409;

W. Bernard Carlson, "Invention and Evolution: The Case of Edison's Sketches of the Telephone" in J. Ziman, Ed., Technological Innovation as an Evolutionary Process (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2000), 137-58.

David E. Nye, "Shaping Communication Networks: Telegraph, Telephone, Computer," Social Research 64 (1997):1067-1092.

Carlson and Gorman, "A Cognitive Framework to Understand Technological Creativity: Bell, Edison, and the Telephone" in Robert J. Weber, Inventive Minds: Creativity in Technology (New York and Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press, 1992).

W. Bernard Carlson and Michael E. Gorman, "Thinking and Doing at Menlo Park: Edison's Development of the Telephone, 1876–1878" in William S. Pretzer, , ed. Working at Inventing: Thomas Edison and the Menlo Park Experience (Dearborn, Mich.: Henry Ford Museum & Greenfield Village, 1989; Baltimore: reprint edition, Johns Hopkins University Press, 2002).

Michael E. Gorman, " Alexander Graham Bell's Path to the Telephone.

David Hounshell, "Elisha Gray and the Telephone: On the Disadvantages of Being an Expert," Technology and Culture 16 (April 1876): 133-61.

Mark R. Finlay, Growing American Rubber: Strategic Plants and the Politics of National Security (New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 2009).

Storage Battery and Electric Automobiles
Edwin Black, Internal Combustion: How Corporations and Governments Addicted the World to Oil and Derailed the Alternatives (New York: St. Martin's Press, 2006).

Gies Mom, The Electric Vehicle: Technology and Expectations in the Automobile Age (Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2004).

David A. Kirsch, The Electric Vehicle and the Burden of History (New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 2000).

Richard H. Schallenberg, Bottled Energy: Electrical Engineering and the Evolution of Chemical Energy Storage (Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1982).

Alvin J. Salkind and Paul Israel, “Thomas Alva Edison—battery and device innovation in response to application’s needs,” Journal of Power Sources 136: 2 (2004):356–365.

Kirsch, David A., and Gijs Mom. "Visions of transportation: The EVC and the transition from service-to product-based mobility." Business History Review 76.01 (2002): 75-110.

Leonard DeGraaf and Edward Wirth, "Thomas Edison and the Exploding Submarine," Seaport Magazine (1991): 38-41.

W. Bernard Carlson, "Thomas Edison as a Manager of R&D: The Case of the Alkaline Storage Battery, 1895–1915," IEEE Technology and Society Magazine 7 (Dec. 1988): 4–12.

Rebecca Herzig, "In the Name of Science: Suffering, Sacrifice, and the Formation of American Roentgenology," American Quarterly 53 (2001): 563-589.

George D. Tselos, "New Jersey's Thomas Edison and the Fluoroscope," New Jersey Medicine 92 (Nov. 1995): 731–33.

Vacuum Technology
Donald M. Mattox, The Foundations of Vacuum Coating Technology (Noyes Publications/William Andrew Publishing, 2003).

Raymond L. Boxman, "Early History of Vacuum Arc Deposition," IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science 29 (2001): 759-761.

Vote Recorder
Jacob R. Strauss, "Let's Vote: The Rise and Impact of Roll Call Votes in the Age of Electronic Voting" in Jacob R. Straus, editor, Party and Procedure in the United States Congress (Rowman & Littlefield, 2012).

World War I
homas E. Jeffrey, “‘Commodore’ Edison Joins the Navy: Thomas Alva Edison and the Naval Consulting Board,”The Journal of Military History, 80:2 (April 2016): 411-45.

Thomas E. Jeffrey, From Phonographs to U-Boats: Edison and His "Insomnia Squad" in Peace and War, 1911– 1919 (Bethesda, Md.: LexisNexis, 2008).

Franklin, H. Bruce, War Stars: The Superweapon and the American Imagination (New York: Oxford University Press, 1988).

David K. Van Keuren, "Science, Progressivism, and Military Preparedness: The Case of the Naval Research Laboratory, 1915-1923," Technology and Culture 33 (1992) p.710-36.

Daniel E. Worthington, "Inventive Genius or Scientific Research?" Swords & Plowshares 6 (1991): 11-14.

L. N. Scott, Naval Consulting Board of the United States (Washington, D.C.: GPO, 1920). HathiTrust, Google Books

Edison as Innovator and Businessman
Sarah Miller Caldicott, Midnight Lunch: The 4 Phases of Team Collaboration Success from Thomas Edison's Lab (Wiley, 2013).

Rick Newman, Rebounders: How Winners Pivot from Setback to Success (Ballantine Books, 2012).

Sarah Miller Caldicott, Inventing the Future: What Would Thomas Edison Be Doing Today (Wiley, 2012).

Alan Axelrod, Edison on Innovation: 102 Lessons in Creativity for Business and Beyond (San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass, 2008).

Michael Gelb and Sarah Miller Caldicott. Innovate Like Edison: The Success System of America's Greatest Inventor (New York: Dutton, 2007).

Blaine McCormick and Paul Israel, "Underrated Entrepreneur: Thomas Edison’s Overlooked Business Story," IEEE Power & Energy Magazine 3 (2005): 76-79).

Harold Evans, Gail Buckland, and David Lefer, They Made America: From the Steam Engine to the Search Engine : Two Centuries of Innovators (New York: Little, Brown, 2004).

Andrew Hargadon, How Breakthroughs Happen: The Surprising Truth About How Companies Innovate (Boston: Harvard Business School Press, 2003).

Blaine McCormick, At Work with Thomas Edison: 10 Business Lessons from America's Greatest Innovator (Irvine, Calif.: Entrepreneur Press, 2001).

Julie L.Davis and Suzanne S. Harrison, Edison in the Boardroom How Leading Companies Realize Value from Their Intellectual Assets (New York: Wiley, 2001).

David Hammes and David T. Wills, "Thomas Edison’s Monetary Option," Journal of the History of Economic Thought 28 (2006): 295-308.

David Hammes and David T. Wills, "Edison's Plan to Reinvent Money," Financial History Magazine 80 (2004): 16-19.

Steven W. Usselman, "From Novelty to Utility: George Westinghouse and the Business of Innovation During the Age of Edison," Business History Review 66 (1992): 251-304.

Israel Rubin, "Thomas Alva Edison's 'Treatise on National Economic Policy and Business'" Business History Review 59 (1985): 433-464.

Stuart H. Miller, "A Medical Investigation of Edison's Deafness," Sound Box (June 2004): 16-20.

Charles J. Limb and , Lawrence R .Lustig, “Hearing Loss and the Invention of the Phonograph: The Story of Thomas Alva Edison,” Otology & Neurotology 23 (January 2002): 96-101

David L. Hammes, Harvesting Gold: Thomas Edison's Experiment to Re-Invent American Money (Silver City, N.M.: Richard Mahler, 2012).

Israel Rubin, "Thomas Alva Edison's 'Treatise on National Economic Policy and Business'" Business History Review 59 (1985): 433-464.

Edison Questionnaire
Paul M. Dennis, "The Edison Questionnaire," Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences 20 (1984): 23–37.

Scott Teel and Vincent Monastra, Defending and Parenting Children Who Learn Differently: Lessons from Edison's Mother (Greenwood Publishing Group, 2007).

Lawrence J. Genalo, Denise A. Schmidt, and Melanie Schiltz, "Piaget and Engineering Education" Proceedings of the ASEE Annual Conference,June, 2004.

Thom Hartmann, The Edison Gene: ADHD and the Gift of the Hunter Child (Inner Traditions / Bear & Company, 2003).

Environmental Issues
George J. Hill, Edison's Environment: Invention and Pollution in the Career of Thomas Edison (Morristown, N.J.: New Jersey Heritage Press, 2007).

Paul Israel, "Claim the Earth: Protecting Edison's Inventions at Home and Abroad" in Graham Dutfield and Stathis Arapostathis (eds), Knowledge Management and Intellectual Property: Concepts, Actors and Practices from the Past to the Present (Edward Elgar, 2013).

Kara W. Swanson, "The Emergence of the Professional Patent Practitioner," Technology and Culture 50 (2009): 519-48.

Michael J. Meurer and Katherine J. Strandburg,"Patent Carrots and Sticks: A Model Of Nonobviousness" Lewis & Clark Law Review 12 (2008): 547-578.

Paul Israel and Robert Rosenberg, "Patent Office Records as a Historical Source: The Case of Thomas Edison," Technology and Culture 32 (1991): 1094–1101.

Blaine McCormick, Innumerable Machines in my Mind: Found Poetry in the Papers of Thomas A. Edison (Westbrook, Maine: Moon Pie Press, 2005).

Edison Associates and Rivals
Edward Acheson
Raymond Szymanowitz, Edward Goodrich Acheson: Inventor, Scientist, Industrialist; A Biography (New York: Vantage Press, 1971).

Edward Goodrich Acheson, A Pathfinder: Inventor, Scientist, Industrialist (New York: The Press Scrap Book, 1910). HathiTrust, Google Books, Internet Archive

Charles Batchelor
Walter L. Welch, Charles Batchelor; Edison's Chief Partner (Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse University, 1972).

Alexander Graham Bell
Robert V. Bruce, Bell: Alexander Graham Bell and the Conquest of Solitude (Boston: Little, Brown, 1973).

Emile Berliner
Frederic William Wile, Emile Berliner Maker of the Microphone (Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill Co., 1926).

John Burroughs
Edward J. Renehan, Jr., John Burroughs: An American Naturalist (Post Mills, Vt.: Chelsea Green Publishing Co., 1992.

William Kennedy-Laurie Dickson
Paul C. Spehr, The Man Who Made Movies: W.K.L. Dickson (New Barnet, Herts: John Libbey Pub., 2008).

Reginald Fessenden
Helen May Trott Fessenden, Fessenden, Builder of Tomorrows (New York: Coward-McCann, 1940). Internet Archive

Fessenden, Reginald A. 1925. "The Inventions of Reginald A. Fessenden." Radio News (Jan.–Nov.).

Henry Ford
Steven Watts, The People's Tycoon: Henry Ford and the American Century (New York: Vintage Books, 2006).

Brinkley, Douglas G. Wheels for the World: Henry Ford, His Company, and a Century of Progress (New York: Viking, 2003).

Ford Richardson Bryan, Friends, Families, & Forays: Scenes from the Life and Times of Henry Ford (Wayne State University Press, 2002).

Neil Baldwin, Henry Ford and the Jews: The Mass Production of Hate (New York, NY: Public Affairs, 2001).

Ford R. Bryan, Beyond the Model T: The Other Ventures of Henry Ford (Detroit: Wayne State Univ. Press, 1997).

David I. Lewis, The Public Image of Henry Ford: An American Folk Hero and His Company (Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1976).

Henry Ford and Samuel Crowther, My Life and Work (Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, Page & Co., 1922). HathiTrust, Google Books, Internet Archive

Samuel Insull
John F. Wasik, The Merchant of Power: Samuel Insull, Thomas Edison, and the Creation of the Modern Metropolis (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006).

Forrest McDonald, Insull (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1962).

SamueL Insull and Larry Plachno, The Memoirs of Samuel Insull (Polo, Ill: Transportation Trails, 1992).

Lewis Latimer
Rayvon Fouché, Black Inventors in the Age of Segregation: Granville T. Woods, Lewis H. Latimer, & Shelby J. Davidson (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003).

Janet M. Schneider and Bayla Singer, eds., Blueprint for Change: The Life and Times of Lewis H. Latimer (New York: Queens Borough Public Library, 1995).

John Pierpont Morgan
Jean Strouse, Morgan: American Financier (New York: Random House, 1999).

Vincent P.Carosso and Rose C. Carosso, The Morgans: Private International Bankers, 1854-1913 (Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 1987).

William Preece
Edward Cecil Baker, Sir William Preece, F.R.S.: Victorian Engineer Extraordinary (London: Hutchinson, 1976).

Frank Sprague
Frederick Dalzell. Engineering Invention: Frank J. Sprague and the U.S. Electrical Industry, 1880-1900 (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2009).

William D. Middleton and William D. Middleton III, Frank Julian Sprague: Electrical Inventor and Engineer (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2009).

Harold Clarence Passer, Frank Julian Sprague, Father of Electric Traction, 1857-1934 (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1952). Harriet Chapman Jones Sprague, Frank J. Sprague and the Edison Myth (New York: William-Frederick Press, 1947).

John L. Sprague, "Frank J. Sprague Invents: The Constant-Speed DC Electric Motor [History]", Power and Energy Magazine IEEE, 14, (2016):. 80-96

John L. Sprague, "A Sprague Invention: Multiple Unit Train Control [History]",Power and Energy Magazine IEEE 13 (2015): 88-103,

John L. Sprague and Joseph J. Cunningham, "A Frank Sprague Triumph: The Electrification of Grand Central Terminal," IEEE Power & Energy Magazine 11 (2013): 58 - 76.

James E. Brittain, "Frank J. Sprague and the Electrification of Urban Transportation," Proceedings of the IEEE 85 (1997): 1183 - 1184.

Nikola Tesla
W. Bernard Carlson,"Inventor of Dreams," Scientific American 292 (March 2005):78-85.

W. Bernard Carlson, "Tesla, Motors, and Myths." Phlogiston (Serbian Journal of the History of Science) 5 (2000): 77-102.

Margaret Cheney, Robert Uth, and Jim Glenn, Tesla, Master of Lightning (Barnes & Noble, 1999).

Marc J. Seifer, Wizard: The Life and Times of Nikola Tesla : Biography of a Genius (New York: Citadel Press/Kensington Publishing, 1998).

Margaret Cheney, Nikola Tesla: Man Out of Time (New York: Dorsett Press, 1981).

John J. O'Neill, Prodigal Genius; The Life of Nikola Tesla (New York: I. Washburn, 1944).

Nikola Tesla, My Inventions: The Autobiography of Nikola Tesla (Radford, VA : Wilder Publications, 2007 [1919]).

Elihu Thomson
W. Bernard Carlson, Innovation as a Social Process: Elihu Thomson and the Rise of General Electric, 1870-1900 (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1991).

David O. Woodbury, Elihu Thomson: Beloved Scientist, 1853–1937 (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1960).

Spencer Trask
David S. Worth, Spencer Trask: Enigmatic Titan (New York: Kabique, INc., 2008).

Henry Villard
John Cullen and Alexandra Villard De Borchgrave, Villard: The Life and Times of an American Titan (New York: Nan A. Talese, 2001).

Dietrich G. Buss, Henry Villard: A Study of Transatlantic Investments and Interests, 1870-1895. Dissertations in American Economic History (New York: Arno Press, 1978).

Edward Weston
David O. Woodbury, A Measure for Greatness: A Short Biography of Edward Weston (New York, McGraw-Hill, 1949).