Edison Associates and Rivals

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Baldwin, Neil. Henry Ford and the Jews: The Mass Production of Hate. New York: Public Affairs, 2001.

Brinkley, Douglas G. Wheels for the World: Henry Ford, His Company, and a Century of Progress. New York: Viking, 2003.

Bruce, Robert V. Bell: Alexander Graham Bell and the Conquest of Solitude. Boston: Little, Brown, 1973.

Bryan, Ford R. Beyond the Model T: The Other Ventures of Henry Ford. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1997.

_____. Friends, Families, & Forays: Scenes from the Life and Times of Henry Ford. Wayne State University Press, 2002.

Buss, Dietrich G. Henry Villard: A Study of Transatlantic Investments and Interests, 1870–1895. New York: Arno Press, 1978.

Cahan, David. “Helmholtz and the Shaping of the American Physics Elite in the Gilded Age.” Historical Studies in the Physical and Biological Sciences, 35:1 (2004): 1–34.

Carlson, W. Bernard. Innovation as a Social Process: Elihu Thomson and the Rise of General Electric, 1870–1900. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1991.

_____. "Inventor of Dreams." Scientific American 292 (Mar. 2005): 78–85.

_____. Tesla: Inventor of the Electrical Age. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2013.

_____. "Tesla, Motors, and Myths." Phlogiston:.Journal of the History of Science 5 (2000): 77–102.

Carosso, Vincent P., and Rose C. Carosso. The Morgans: Private International Bankers, 1854–1913. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 1987.

Cheney, Margaret. Tesla, Man Out of Time. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1981.

Chirnside, R. C. “Sir Joseph Swan and the Invention of the Electric Lamp.” Electronics & Power 25:2 (1979): 96–100.

Cullen, John, and Alexandra Villard De Borchgrave. Villard: The Life and Times of an American Titan. New York: Nan A. Talese, 2001.

Dalzell, Frederick. Engineering Invention: Frank J. Sprague and the U.S. Electrical Industry, 1880–1900. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2009.

Dood, Kendall, J. Leland I. Anderson, and Ronald R. Kline. “Tesla and the Induction Motor.”  Technology and Culture 30:4 (1989): 1013–23.

Feldenkirchen, Wilfried. Werner von Siemens: Inventor and International Entrepreneur. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1994.

Fessenden, Helen May Trott. Fessenden, Builder of Tomorrows. New York: Coward-McCann, 1940. 

Fessenden, Reginald A. 1925. "The Inventions of Reginald A. Fessenden." Radio News (Jan.–Nov.).

Ford, Henry, and Samuel Crowther. My Life and Work. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, Page & Co., 1922. 

Fouché, Rayvon. Black Inventors in the Age of Segregation: Granville T. Woods, Lewis H. Latimer, & Shelby J. Davidson. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003.

Gray, Charlotte. Reluctant Genius: Alexander Graham Bell and the Passion for Invention. New York: Arcade Publishing, 2006.

Heinecke, Liz Lee. Radiant: The Dancer, The Scientist, and a Friendship Forged in Light. New York: Grand Central Publishing, 2021.

Hope, Howard.  The Remarkable Life of Colonel George Edward Gouraud:  His Origins; His Life and Times; His Associates.  Peterborough, U.K.: Privately printed, 2021.

Hughes, Ivor, and David Ellis Evans. Before We Went Wireless: David Edward Hughes, FRS: His Life, Inventions, and Discoveries. Bennington, Vt.: Images from the Past, 2011.

Insull, Samuel, and Larry Plachno. The Memoirs of Samuel Insull. Polo, Ill: Transportation Trails, 1992.

Klein, Maury. The Life and Legend of Jay Gould. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1986.

Lewis, David I. The Public Image of Henry Ford: An American Folk Hero and His Company. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1976.

Mac Donnell, Kevin. "The Voice of Mark Twain, 1872-2017." Mark Twain Journal 57:2 (2019): 55-112. 

Marsh, J. O., and R. G. Roberts. "David Edward Hughes: Inventor, Engineer and Scientist." Proceedings of the Institute of Electrical Engineers 126 (1979): 929–35.

McDonald, Forrest. Insull. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1962.

McPartland, Donald S. "Almost Edison: How William Sawyer and Others Lost the Race to Electrification." Ph.D. diss., City University of New York, 2006.

Middleton, William D., and William D. Middleton III. Frank Julian Sprague: Electrical Inventor and Engineer. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. 2009.

Morus. Iwan Rhys. Nikola Tesla and the Electrical Future. London: Icon Books Ltd., 2019.

O'Neill, John J. Prodigal Genius; The Life of Nikola Tesla. New York: I. Washburn, 1944.

Passer, Harold C. Frank Julian Sprague, Father of Electric Traction, 1857–1934. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1952

Payne, Daniel G., ed. Writing the Land: John Burroughs and his Legacy; Essays from the John Burroughs Nature Writing Conference. Newcastle, U.K.: Cambridge Scholars, 2008.

Renehan, Edward J. Jr. John Burroughs: An American Naturalist. Post Mills, Vt.: Chelsea Green Publishing Co., 1992.

Schneider, Janet M., and Bayla Singer, eds. Blueprint for Change: The Life and Times of Lewis H. Latimer. New York: Queens Borough Public Library, 1995.

Seifer, Marc J. Wizard: The Life and Times of Nikola Tesla: Biography of a Genius. New York: Citadel Press/Kensington Publishing, 1998.

Spehr, Paul C. The Man Who Made Movies: W. K. L. Dickson. New Barnet, Herts., U.K.: John Libbey, 2008.

Sprague, Harriet Chapman Jones. Frank J. Sprague and the Edison Myth. New York: William-Frederick Press, 1947.

Sprague, John L. "Frank J. Sprague Invents: The Constant-Speed DC Electric Motor.” Power and Energy Magazine IEEE, 14 (2016): 80–96.

_____. "A Sprague Invention: Multiple Unit Train Control." IEEE Power and Energy Magazine 13 (2015): 88–103.

Sprague, John L., and Joseph J. Cunningham. "A Frank Sprague Triumph: The Electrification of Grand Central Terminal." IEEE Power & Energy Magazine 11 (2013): 58–76.

Strouse, Jean. Morgan: American Financier. New York: Random House, 1999.

Szymanowitz, Raymond. Edward Goodrich Acheson: Inventor, Scientist, Industrialist; A Biography. New York: Vantage Press, 1971.

Tesla, Nikola. My Inventions: The Autobiography of Nikola Tesla. Radford, Va.: Wilder Publications, 2007 [1919].

Wasik, John F. The Merchant of Power: Samuel Insull, Thomas Edison, and the Creation of the Modern Metropolis. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.

Watts, Steven. The People's Tycoon: Henry Ford and the American Century. New York: Vintage Books, 2006.

Welch, Walter L. Charles Batchelor; Edison's Chief Partner. Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse University, 1972.

Wile, Frederic William. Emile Berliner: Maker of the Microphone. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill Co., 1926.

Wise, George. “Swan’s Way: A Study in Style.” IEEE Spectrum 19:4 (1982): 66–70.

Woodbury, David O. Elihu Thomson: Beloved Scientist, 1853–1937. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1960.

_____. A Measure for Greatness: A Short Biography of Edward Weston. New York, McGraw-Hill, 1949.

Worth, David S. Spencer Trask: Enigmatic Titan. New York: Kabique, Inc., 2008.